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Research seminars spring 2020

Date: Time:       Seminar:                                                                                   Room::              
14 Feb 10:15-11:45

Title: Has the importance of IPRs changed in the era of digital era? Evidences from Swedish video games industry

Abstract: IPRs has long been argued with limited importance for innovative firms to capture returns, particularly when comparing with other appropriability means such as (market) lead times, secrecy, moving rapidly along the learning curve and using complementary manufacturing and sales. Has that (IPRs’) importance changed in the digital era? This study aims to address this issue through a study of the Swedish video (computer) games industry, where digital distribution prevails and IPRs are important (copyrights in derivative works; trademarks in game titles). Combining analyses on the survey data and firm-level interview data, this study identifies a paradoxical development: on the one hand, there is a clear digital take-off of IPRs’ propensity, namely firms tend to be more active in valuing their copyrights (firm size and technological platform matter though), and in registering trademarks (see a parallel paper on EUIPO trademark data). On the other hand, the digital traits – digitally induced high levels of interactivities (between supply and demand) and the digital division of a product (in provisions) – provide strong protections (to the innovation) from a technical standpoint, which offsets the importance of IPRs. This study contributes to a meso (industry)-level understanding of the changing complexity of the general appropriability conditions in the digital era on the one hand, and the role of IPRs in that (appropriability) on the other hand.

Authors: Vicky Long, Martin Björklund & Bengt Domeij.


Title: Artists work best alone? The relationship between lone inventors, technological complexity and novelty in recombination.

Abstract: Are inventors working alone - i.e. not collaborating in a team or organization - more able to create truly novel inventions that deviate significantly from current practices? This paper explores the relationship between lone inventors and the likelihood of generating novelty in recombination, as compared to inventors working alone and/or in organizations, by analyzing all U.S. patents applied for between 1986 and 2010. The findings suggest that both independent and single inventors have an advantage when it comes to recombinant novelty compared to collaboration in teams and/or organizations. The technological complexity of the invention negatively moderates this relationship: lone inventors are only more likely to generate recombinant novelty under low-to-median complexity. For combination new to the firm, the advantage of single inventors however remains also under high complexity. The paper extends the literature on the role of lone inventors in invention, highlights an important limitation of collaboration with important implications, and contributes with evidence on the antecedents of recombinant novelty.

Author: Daniel Ljungberg

Seminar room, 7th floor, Viktoriagatan 13




Sidansvarig: Kajsa Folmeus Strandberg|Sidan uppdaterades: 2020-02-10

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